Golden hamsters (Syrian hamsters, a family of mammals of the rodent family. This is a small (body length 8-9. 5 cm; halved rats) tailless cute animals with nezlobnym and gentle disposition at the present time the most popular of rodents for home detention. All a huge amount of pet hamsters comes from a small group of animals from the deserts near the Syrian city of Aleppo, caught in bondage in England in the 30-ies of the 20 century.
During this time, natural Golden color skins has become the most diverse. Came and furry form, called Angora. The absence of a tail, friendliness and curiosity combined with cleanliness has made these animals popular. Front paws of hamsters reminiscent of touching children’s hands. Mouth bags seem to be truly dimensionless.
Golden hamsters kept in metal cages or aquariums with a mesh lid, arranging for them houses (nests they build themselves, you only have to provide them with material, such as wool, hay, moss). At the bottom of the cage or aquarium pour hardwood sawdust or flax aceski. The cell is equipped with heavy feeders and drinkers (see Rodents). It is appropriate for the wheel and all sorts of devices for climbing, plastic tubes, ladders. The movement for hamsters for sure.
For grinding the cutters are placed churbachki from birch and birch branches to obrisani crust. The hamster quickly becomes accustomed to the hands,but letting the hamster out of the cage, it is necessary to watch, that he was in trouble. The animal does not feel the danger of heights easy steps from the balcony, hammered into the cracks and may die. Hamsters coexist well with other rodents, for example, white mice. They can be kept in the cells, communicating among themselves or even with a common “living room” and a separate “bedroom”.
Hamsters-wife — loving and friendly couple. But two adults living separately, are introduced gently to get used to each other gradually. Pregnancy occurs 2-3 times per year and lasts 2 weeks. During pregnancy male transplant is not necessary. In a litter of 3-6 pups. To 1 month, they become independent (soon to come sexual maturity) and better transplant from parents of overpopulation hamsters can not stand.
Not tolerate hamsters and monotonous (usually with a predominance of grain) feeding. In addition to grains and cereals in their diet must include fresh vegetables (carrots, beets, raw potatoes), cooked hard-boiled egg yolk, unsalted bacon, cheese, fresh green in summer and hay in winter. Special attention should be paid to mineral supplements such as chalk, charcoal, calcium in the form of tablets of zinc gluconate and glycerophosphate. Nice to porridge to add wheat bran. With good care live at least 3-4 years.