The parson Russell Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier
The parson Russell Terrier is a dog bred to go to ground in Britain hunting foxes. Belongs to the third group of the International classification of rocks. Parson-Russells – folded harmonious, agile and hardy dog, adapted to working long hours.
Breed profile parson Russell Terrier
The parson Russell Terrier is complicated in proportion to the body length is almost equal to the height at the withers. Head in the form of a wedge with a flat skull, tapering from the occipital lobe to the eye area. The transition from the head to the nose is smooth, unexpressed.
The parson Russell developed jaw and the muscles responsible for the capture of prey by the teeth. In the jaws of a dog – a large, deeply set teeth. Scissor fangs formulation ensures a tight closure of the upper and lower jaws. Cheekbones are slightly expressed.
The eyes are set deep, the dog is watching carefully and with interest. Listening, he raises V-shaped ears, which in the quiescent state close to the head – ends are at eye level.
Head through muscular neck turns into thick and powerful body with a flexible back and a moderately deep chest. The tail of the breed is the parson Russell Terrier is traditionally docked – it is held high when walking and descends in a free state.
Terrier stands on stable legs with close-knit fingers. The elbows of the front legs closely adjacent to the body – developed rear leg and hock.The dog’s coat is hard, dense and thick to protect from the weather. There are hard – and smooth-haired parson-Russells solid white or white with spots of colors. Acceptable and desirable spots of red and black colors on the head and at the base of the tail.
Evaluating the appearance of the breed at shows, the judges take into account special features of the breed. The ideal height at the withers for males is considered to 36 cm, females – 33 cm To estimate the proportions of the dog grasping behind the shoulders with two hands – it must fit in the palms of srednego size.
Parsons disqualified for aggression and excess of cowardice, but also for physical defects.
The history of the breed
In 1975, in the English town of Dartmouth was born John Russell. He grew up, studied at Oxford, became a parish priest and addicted to horse hunting. During his studies, John has acquired a first dog – a wire-haired Terrier, similar in appearance to modern Parsons. Later he was engaged in breeding dogs capable of hunting hunting – crossed their Pets, focusing on the quality of workers. In the end he managed to get the dog, excitedly looking for the hole and gladly oppressive foxes. In 1904 in England, was formed the first breed standard.
After the Second world war puppies parson Russell Terrier ceased to appear, and the breed in its original form was close to extinction. Enthusiasts continued the work of John Russell in 1976, arranged by the US breed club, operating to this day. They did not attach importance to the exterior, so the official international breed standard was recognized in July 1990.
The parson Terrier is friendly and cheerful, configured for continuous operation. Likes to complete tasks to find items. A dog not afraid of other animals on walks and provokes them into aggression. With a lack of active walking can spoil things and make a mess of the house. Not suitable for older people, but ideal for children.
In training requires perseverance and perseverance requires early socialization (from three months).
Health and content
The duration of life parson-Russell – on average, 15 years. The dog enjoys healthy immunity and good health. Possible diseases:
• deafness; • ataxia; • glaucoma and the displacement of the lens; • compulsive behavior; • patellar luxation.
To prevent diseases breed owners Parsons is undergoing tests at the vet and take preventive measures.
Care Terrier is unpretentious – it is enough once a week to comb wool hard massage MITT and wash the dog as appropriate.
The dog eats a natural diet or canned food. Not picky about the food – the owner just needs to develop your diet according to exercise and feed your pet in accordance with him, without encouraging begging. Overfeeding is fraught obesity and joint problems.
Differences Terriers parson and Jack Russell
Since 1990, the standard was describing a dog breed Jack Russell Terrier . In 2001, it became clear that Jackie similar in working qualities, but some differ from the majority on the outside. The decision of the fédération Cynologique Internationale breed was divided into two: Jack and parson Terrier.
The existing breed differences:
• height at withers (cm 33-35 Parsons, 25-30 cm for Jack); • weight (not regulated for parson, Jack – 1 kg per 5 cm of height at withers); • the format (square at the low elongated parson and Jack).
For both breeds Terriers are typical varieties:
• long-haired with eyebrows and a beard; • medium; • wire-haired that need trimming.
How to choose a puppy parson Russell Terrier
When choosing a puppy for participation in exhibitions and breeding, consider grown juniors. The perfect option is to acquire four to six-dog, who formed the body proportions, color and behavioral characteristics. Before you make a decision to buy, check out:
• documents the presence of stamps or chip; • the availability of exhibition assessments of the independent expert in the class “puppies”; • the correct proportions (formed by 5-6 months); • the presence of descended testes; • the bite must be scissor; • matching color standard; • the lack of additional fingers; • nature – bold and inquisitive; • a willingness to work.
Do not worry if the puppy is disappointing. Remember, the perfect dogs don’t. Over time you will learn to mask the minor flaws and emphasize the dignity of the parson Russell Terrier.